MITRAL STENOSIS (MS)

MITRAL STENOSIS (MS) is a topic covered in the Harrison's Manual of Medicine.

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ETIOLOGY

Most commonly rheumatic, though history of acute rheumatic fever is now uncommon; rare causes include congenital MS and severe calcification of the mitral annulus with extension onto the leaflets.

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ETIOLOGY

Most commonly rheumatic, though history of acute rheumatic fever is now uncommon; rare causes include congenital MS and severe calcification of the mitral annulus with extension onto the leaflets.

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