LEISHMANIASIS is a topic covered in the Harrison's Manual of Medicine.

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Microbiology

Leishmania species are extracellular, flagellated promastigotes while dwelling in their sandfly vector, but are obligate intracellular, nonflagellated amastigotes while living in vertebrate hosts, including humans.

  • Organisms of the L. donovani complex usually cause visceral leishmaniasis and are present in Asia, the Middle East, the horn of Africa, the Mediterranean, and Central and South America.
  • L. tropica, L. major, and L. aethiopica cause Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis and are present in Asia and in northern and sub-Saharan Africa.
  • The L. mexicana complex causes New World cutaneous leishmaniasis and is present in Central America and northern South America.

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Citation

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TY - ELEC T1 - LEISHMANIASIS ID - 623292 Y1 - 2017 PB - Harrison's Manual of Medicine UR - https://harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623292/all/LEISHMANIASIS ER -