INFECTIONS CAUSED BY ARTHROPOD- AND RODENT-BORNE VIRUSES is a topic covered in the Harrison's Manual of Medicine.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Harrison’s Manual of Medicine 20th edition provides 600+ internal medicine topics in a rapid-access format. Download Harrison’s App to iPhone, iPad, and Android smartphone and tablet. Explore these free sample topics:

Harrison’s Manual of Medicine

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --


Most zoonotic viruses only incidentally infect and produce disease in humans; only a few agents are regularly spread among humans by arthropods.

  • The major families of arthropod- and rodent-borne viruses include the Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, Hantaviridae, Nairoviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Peribunyaviridae, Phenuiviridae, Reoviridae, Rhabdoviridae, and Togaviridae—all RNA viruses.
  • Arthropod-borne viruses infect the vector after a blood meal from a viremic vertebrate (usually nonhuman); after spreading throughout the vector and ultimately reaching the salivary glands, the viruses can be transmitted to another vertebrate during a blood meal.
  • Humans become infected with rodent-borne viruses by inhalation of aerosols containing the viruses and through close contact with chronically infected rodents and their excreta.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --