INFECTIONS CAUSED BY ARTHROPOD- AND RODENT-BORNE VIRUSES

INFECTIONS CAUSED BY ARTHROPOD- AND RODENT-BORNE VIRUSES is a topic covered in the Harrison's Manual of Medicine.

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Microbiology and Pathogenesis

Most zoonotic viruses only incidentally infect and produce disease in humans; only a few agents are regularly spread among humans by arthropods.

  • The major families of arthropod- and rodent-borne viruses include the Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Reoviridae, Rhabdoviridae, and Togaviridae—all RNA viruses.
  • Arthropod-borne viruses infect the vector after a blood meal from a viremic vertebrate (usually nonhuman); after spreading throughout the vector and ultimately reaching the salivary glands, the viruses can be transmitted to another vertebrate during a blood meal.
  • Humans become infected with rodent-borne viruses by inhalation of aerosols containing the viruses and through close contact with chronically infected rodents and their excreta.

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Citation

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TY - ELEC T1 - INFECTIONS CAUSED BY ARTHROPOD- AND RODENT-BORNE VIRUSES ID - 623272 Y1 - 2017 PB - Harrison's Manual of Medicine UR - https://harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623272/all/INFECTIONS_CAUSED_BY_ARTHROPOD__AND_RODENT_BORNE_VIRUSES ER -