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RUBELLA (GERMAN MEASLES) is a topic covered in the Harrison's Manual of Medicine.

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Microbiology and Epidemiology

Rubella is a contagious infectious disease caused by a single-stranded, enveloped RNA virus in the family Togaviridae and the genus Rubivirus.

  • In 2012, there were 94,030 cases of rubella worldwide, although this figure is probably an underestimate because of poor reporting. Since 2004, rubella has not been an endemic disease in the United States.
  • Virus is spread via respiratory droplets, and primary implantation and replication occur in the nasopharynx. Placental infection can lead to chronic infection of virtually all fetal organs, which sometimes persists for up to 1 year after birth.

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Loscalzo, Joseph, et al., editors. "RUBELLA (GERMAN MEASLES)." Harrison's Manual of Medicine, 19th ed., McGraw Hill Inc., 2017. harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623268/all/RUBELLA__GERMAN_MEASLES_.
RUBELLA (GERMAN MEASLES). In: Loscalzo J, Jameson JL, Longo DL, et al, eds. Harrison's Manual of Medicine. 19th ed. McGraw Hill Inc.; 2017. https://harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623268/all/RUBELLA__GERMAN_MEASLES_. Accessed April 23, 2019.
RUBELLA (GERMAN MEASLES). (2017). In Loscalzo, J., Jameson, J. L., Longo, D. L., Hauser, S. L., Fauci, A. S., & Kasper, D. L. (Eds.), Harrison's Manual of Medicine. Available from https://harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623268/all/RUBELLA__GERMAN_MEASLES_
RUBELLA (GERMAN MEASLES) [Internet]. In: Loscalzo J, Jameson JL, Longo DL, Hauser SL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, editors. Harrison's Manual of Medicine. McGraw Hill Inc.; 2017. [cited 2019 April 23]. Available from: https://harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623268/all/RUBELLA__GERMAN_MEASLES_.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - RUBELLA (GERMAN MEASLES) ID - 623268 ED - Loscalzo,Joseph, ED - Jameson,J Larry, ED - Longo,Dan L, ED - Hauser,Stephen L, ED - Fauci,Anthony S, ED - Kasper,Dennis L, BT - Harrison's Manual of Medicine UR - https://harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623268/all/RUBELLA__GERMAN_MEASLES_ PB - McGraw Hill Inc. ET - 19 DB - Harrison's Manual of Medicine DP - Unbound Medicine ER -