Chapter 3: Diagnostic Imaging in Internal Medicine

Chapter 3: Diagnostic Imaging in Internal Medicine is a topic covered in the Harrison's Manual of Medicine.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Harrison’s Manual of Medicine 20th edition provides 600+ internal medicine topics in a rapid-access format. Download Harrison’s App to iPhone, iPad, and Android smartphone and tablet. Explore these free sample topics:

Harrison’s Manual of Medicine

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

Clinicians have a wide array of imaging modalities at their disposal to aid them in noninvasive diagnosis. Despite the introduction of highly specialized imaging modalities, radiologic procedures such as chest radiographs and ultrasound continue to serve a vital role in the diagnostic approach to pt care. Increasingly, ultrasound is used as a point-of-care procedure to assist with intravenous line placement, and to extend the physical examination of the thyroid thorax, heart, and abdomen. At most institutions, CT is available on an emergent basis and is invaluable for initial evaluation of pts with trauma, suspected CNS hemorrhage, or ischemic stroke. MRI and related techniques (MR angiography, functional MRI, MR spectroscopy) provide high resolution of many tissues including the brain, vascular system, joints, and most large organs. Radionuclide scans including positron emission tomography (PET) can provide functional assessment of organs or specific regions within organs. Combination of PET with MRI or CT scanning provides highly informative images of the location and configuration of metabolically active lesions, such as cancers.

This chapter will review the indications and utility of the most commonly utilized radiologic studies used by internists.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --