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Spinal Cord Diseases

Spinal Cord Diseases is a topic covered in the Harrison's Manual of Medicine.

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Spinal cord disorders can be devastating, but many are treatable if recognized early (Table 188-1). Knowledge of relevant spinal cord anatomy is often the key to correct diagnosis (Fig. 188-1).

 Epidural, intradural, or intramedullary neoplasm
 Epidural abscess
 Epidural hemorrhage
 Cervical spondylosis
 Herniated disk
 Posttraumatic compression by fractured or displaced vertebra or hemorrhage
 Arteriovenous malformation and dural fistula
 Antiphospholipid syndrome and other hypercoagulable states
 Multiple sclerosis
 Neuromyelitis optica
 Transverse myelitis
 Sjögren-related myelopathy
 Systemic lupus erythematosus-related myelopathy
 Viral: VZV, HSV-1 and 2, CMV, HIV, HTLV-1, others
 Bacterial and mycobacterial: Borrelia, Listeria, syphilis, others
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
 Parasitic: schistosomiasis, toxoplasmosis
 Tethered cord syndrome
 Vitamin B12 deficiency (subacute combined degeneration)
 Copper deficiency
Abbreviation: HTLV, human T-cell lymphotropic virus.
FIGURE 188-1

Transverse section through the spinal cord, composite representation, illustrating the principal ascending (left) and descending (right) pathways. The lateral and ventral spinothalamic tracts ascend contralateral to the side of the body that is innervated. C, cervical; D, distal; E, extensors; F, flexors; L, lumbar; P, proximal; S, sacral; T, thoracic.

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Loscalzo, Joseph, et al., editors. "Spinal Cord Diseases." Harrison's Manual of Medicine, 19th ed., McGraw Hill Inc., 2017. harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623114/all/Spinal_Cord_Diseases.
Spinal Cord Diseases. In: Loscalzo J, Jameson JL, Longo DL, et al, eds. Harrison's Manual of Medicine. 19th ed. McGraw Hill Inc.; 2017. https://harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623114/all/Spinal_Cord_Diseases. Accessed April 18, 2019.
Spinal Cord Diseases. (2017). In Loscalzo, J., Jameson, J. L., Longo, D. L., Hauser, S. L., Fauci, A. S., & Kasper, D. L. (Eds.), Harrison's Manual of Medicine. Available from https://harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623114/all/Spinal_Cord_Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases [Internet]. In: Loscalzo J, Jameson JL, Longo DL, Hauser SL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, editors. Harrison's Manual of Medicine. McGraw Hill Inc.; 2017. [cited 2019 April 18]. Available from: https://harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623114/all/Spinal_Cord_Diseases.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Spinal Cord Diseases ID - 623114 ED - Loscalzo,Joseph, ED - Jameson,J Larry, ED - Longo,Dan L, ED - Hauser,Stephen L, ED - Fauci,Anthony S, ED - Kasper,Dennis L, BT - Harrison's Manual of Medicine UR - https://harrisons.unboundmedicine.com/harrisons/view/Harrisons-Manual-of-Medicine/623114/all/Spinal_Cord_Diseases PB - McGraw Hill Inc. ET - 19 DB - Harrison's Manual of Medicine DP - Unbound Medicine ER -